Recently I’ve been researching the student loan system and how things work in non-U.S. based medical schools. Unbelievably there are three dozen island medical schools. That’s a crazy high number, just how many islands are there in the Caribbean anyway?
Federal student loan aid is generally not available for these schools. Although they are technically “accredited”, the accreditation itself is something unusual at best and regulated by the Islands themselves in large part. And while the Department of Education recognizes ACCM (Accreditation Commission on Colleges of Medicine), many individual states do not. So it’s a bit of buyer beware, there are success stories for those committing to the hard work to pass the various U.S. tests and are willing to limit their practice, internships, residencies and rotations to certain states, but there are also stories of high student loan debt with little to show for it.
So where does the bankruptcy relief come in? Well for one, private student loans may be dischargeable in bankruptcy when the debt incurred is not for a qualified educational loan and/or an ineligible institution. In a recent case, In re Decena, 549 B.R. 11 (Bankr. E.D. N.Y. 2016), debts owed on private loans, to attend a “for-profit” university, not accredited by the United States fell within the exception to discharge of § 523(a)(8). We are looking to expand this ruling to Florida in a case we are planning on filing next month.
Second, any debt that exceeded the cost of attendance (tuition plus room and board) may be dischargeable even if federal funds were used. And third, federal funding used as a conduit to attend an ineligible Caribbean medical school may also be dischargeable under a Decena analysis of § 523(a)(8).
These for-profit Caribbean medical schools are ineligible to receive Title IV federal funding as they are not listed on the Federal School Codes List as an eligible institution. As such, schools like St. Matthews historically rely upon private financing. But in the past few years, Caribbean medical schools have locked onto the lucrative federal funding provided by the U.S. Department of Education and have set up dual enrollment programs with U.S. based schools. One of these programs is the online MBA from Davenport University in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The practical result of this association with Davenport is to provide a conduit for access to federal funding for unauthorized institutions in the Caribbean per the President of the nonprofit Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, who is formerly an assistant Secretary at the DOE in the 90s. He stated to Bloomberg for an article titled For-Profit Caribbean Medical Schools Use Federal Funds Loophole that “[t]his is a shenanigan on the part of both institutions to play the Department of Education.” He believes that “[t]his is clearly a conduit for federal assistance for unauthorized institutions.”
So if anyone out there in the western or central Florida areas would like to learn more about potential dischargeability of student loans used to attend a Caribbean medical school, please contact us at Arkovich Law Thanks for reading our blog and feel free to pass this along to your friends who may benefit!